Arc de Triomphe in France
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The city of Paris, the capital of France, is called the cradle of civilization and culture in the West. Paris is one of the most beautiful cities in Europe.
The city of Paris has many historical and cultural monuments that are famous in the world. Many world famous museums are located in Paris. Arc de Triomphe is one of the most famous and magnificent historical monuments in France.
The Arc de Triomphe in France is located in the center of Charles de Gaulle Square in Paris. West of the Champs Elysees leads to this arch. On the other side of the Champs Elysees is Concorde Square.
History of the Arc de Triomphe in France
In 1806, after Napoleon won the Battle of Austerlitz, he ordered the arch to be built. The height of the victory gate is about 50 meters and its width is about 45 meters.
The arch was designed and executed by the famous French architect Jean-François Teresa Schalgren. This monument was built in Charles de Gaulle Square, which is one of the most famous and important squares in Paris.
12 important streets of Paris lead to this square. It is interesting to know that due to the cross lines in between these streets and Charles de Gaulle Square, this view looks like a star from above.
That’s why Charles de Gaulle Square is also known as Etoile. Etoile in French means star.
By order of Napoleon Bonaparte, on August 15, 1806, the day of Napoleon’s birth, the construction of the Arc de Triomphe began.
Then, until 1810, when Napoleon married Austrian Princess Marie Louise, only the arch was laid.
Upon the arrival of the new queen in Paris, a life-size wooden statue of the Arc de Triomphe was erected, and the façade of this wooden structure was covered with drawings on fabric.
The construction of this wooden specimen gave Schalgren the opportunity to make small changes in the design of the main building.
At the time of his death in 1811, only a small part of the structure had been completed. The construction of the building was slower than before after Napoleon’s ouster and the return of the Bourbons to the throne in 1814.
The situation was such that for a long time only a little progress was made in the construction of this building. Finally, in 1823, King Louis XVIII ordered the construction of the monument.
After the conquest of Spain by the French army and the re-establishment of Ferdinand VII as the absolute king, he wanted to continue building the Arc de Triomphe.
The main structure of the building was completed in 1831 and the installation of decorations and sculptures was completed in 1836.
It was during the reign of Louis-Philippe that the building was completed. On July 29, 1836, he inaugurated the Arc de Triomphe.
What is the architecture of Arc de Triomphe in France?
Schalgren built the Arc de Triomphe in neoclassical style, inspired by the Arch of Titus of the Roman Forum.
The statues depicting the conquests of the revolutionaries and the emperor Napoleon were erected by François Rudd, Jean-Pierre Carto and Antoine Ettec and placed on top of the four pillars of the Arc de Triomphe.
The most famous of these sculptures; The departure of volunteers is 1792. This work of art created by François River is also known as the Marseille.
The other facades of the building are decorated with the letters of hundreds of generals and the battles in which they took part. 284 steps will take you to the top of this building.
The elevators only go up to a part of the height and from there you have to use the stairs to reach the top of the building and enjoy the surrounding scenery.
One floor below the roof, there is a small museum of the history of the Arc de Triomphe. At the bottom of the arch, there is the tomb of an unknown French soldier who was added to the building in 1921.
A memorial flame has been lit under this arch since 1923 and has been kept lit until today. The anniversary of the end of World War I since 1918 has been celebrated here.
To this day, the Arc de Triomphe, as a unique symbol, has served not only the people of France but all the people of the world.
The coffins of many French celebrities, such as Victor Hugo and Ferdinand Fuchs, have been under the arch for some time before burial.
Besides, many victory parades have been held in front of this arch; Whether parades by invading forces such as Germany in 1871 and 1940 or by France and its allies in 1918 after the victory in World War I in 1944 and after the liberation of Paris and finally at the end of World War II in 1945.