|Although Easter Island is geographically part of Chile, it is located in the heart of the Pacific Ocean. Easter Island in Chile is one of the most remote places in the world and regardless of its location or perhaps because of its location, it is one of the most mysterious places on the planet, whose countless attractions have attracted many tourists.|
Easter Island belongs to Chile and is located in the east of the Pacific Ocean. The main and remarkable feature of this island is its stone sculptures. Easter Island is isolated at 1,900 km east of the Pitcairn Islands and 3,500 km west of Chile. The length of the island is 22 km, its width is 11 km and its area is 163 square kilometers. The highest point of the island is Mount Troca, which is 600 meters above sea level.
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Easter Island people
The island’s population consists of a subset of the Polynesian people, probably of Algerian descent. The people of this island today speak mainly Spanish. The history of Easter Island shows that its inhabitants have consistently divided themselves into two distinct ethnic groups: the “long-eared” and the “short-eared”.
History of Easter Island
The first European to set foot on the island was Dutch Admiral Jacob Roggeveen, who is 1722 had a one-day stay on Easter Island. He and his companions described the island’s population as a combination of different body types, worshiping huge fire statues while kneeling in the sun. Some of these people are said to have been “white men” whose earlobes were cut off and hung on their shoulders.
Easter Island was rediscovered during a voyage of discovery in 1770 by the Spanish viceroy of Peru. The Spaniards stayed on the island for four days and were the first to report that the island’s natives had their writings. According to Spanish estimates at the time, the island had a population of about 3,000.
It seems that before the arrival of the English navigator, Captain James Cook in 1774, a civil war took place there. The British found only 600 or 700 Polynesian men and less than 30 women on the island, all of whom were severely impoverished. By this time the British realized that there was no longer any respect for the huge statues among the people of the island, and most of them had been deliberately overthrown.
In 1786, the French navigator Jean-François arrived on the island and encountered a population of about 2,000. He tried to acquaint the people of the island with domestic animals, but his attempt was not successful. After 1792, several ships visited the island. The population of Easter Island reached about 3,000 in 1860, but with Peru’s intense efforts to enslave and prevent smallpox, the island’s population declined to 111 in 1877 and increased again in the late 19th century.
In 1864, the brother of Eugene Irad, a French Catholic missionary, became the first foreigner to settle on the island, and in 1868 the islanders converted to Christianity. Residents of Tahiti Island began raising sheep in 1870. In 1888, Easter Island was occupied by Chile, which used almost all of the island to raise sheep. In 1954, the Chilean Navy began raising sheep on the island.
In 1965, the Chilean government transferred control of the island to a civilian governor, and the islanders officially became Chilean citizens.
Easter Island‘s fame stems from its huge stone sculptures, of which there are more than 600 on the island. Also, the remains of the island’s very large stone slabs with open courtyards are very noticeable and show the high skill of the islanders in construction. Archaeological excavations on the island date back to 1886, 1914, and 1934, and archaeological excavations began in 1955. These excavations led to the identification of three distinct and distinct cultural periods on the island.
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Easter Island climate
The island has a sultry and subtropical climate, so you should expect warm and temperate weather all year round. Of course, since the island is located in the southern hemisphere, the coldest time to visit these islands is in winter and between June and August.
Easter Island‘s climate is subtropical; That is, it is mostly sunny and dry. January to March are the warmest months on the island, with temperatures averaging 23 degrees Celsius. June to August are the coldest months on the island and the average temperature during this period is 18 degrees Celsius.
The average annual rainfall is about 49 inches (1250 mm), which has high annual variability. September is the driest month, with heavy rainfall occurring in June and July. In August and June, the wind blows irregularly and in other months of the year, strong winds prevail from the east and southeast.
What is the secret of Easter Island sculptures?
Today, Easter Island in Chile has become one of the country’s most spectacular, attractive, and cultural tourist destinations, and the tourism industry is growing day by day. But only half of its inhabitants are natives of the island, yet indigenous and traditional cultures are still preserved. The Moai statues are the main reason for the trip to Easter Island in Chile, statues that are still a mystery to many.
Although, as mentioned at the beginning, these statues are located in one of the most remote places on earth, it is worth going and buying a long distance. If you can get to Chile, there are regular flights from there to Tahiti that make your job easier.
No trip to Easter Island is complete without seeing the Moai statues, and what surprises tourists more than anything else is that these Moai statues can be seen all over the island, for example on Anacna Beach, the beautiful beach. You can see seven of these sculptures, and if you search a little further, you can see more of the Moai, but without a doubt, the best place on the island to see these headless body sculptures is Rano Raraku. Where you can see 15 of these objects in a row.
One of the most important areas of Easter Island in Chile is Rano Raraku, which is a protected volcanic area that was once a sacred place and, in the center, there was a beautiful lake that is now in the form of small lagoons. It is small. Just stand at the mouth of the hill to have a spectacular view of the ocean and the region together.