Is the Louvre Museum the largest museum in the world?
The Louvre Museum is one of the most visited attractions in Paris. This museum has about 10 million visitors annually. The reason for this popularity is a collection of 35,000 masterpieces of art and valuable antiquities, including Iranian antiquities in the Louvre. The museum displays artifacts from 11,000 years ago to the nineteenth century.
Few cannot be found without the name of the Louvre Museum, one of the most famous museums in the world and one of the most popular tourist attractions in Paris. The works in this museum are very rare and have attracted your attention.
The Louvre Museum has eight different sections and the number of works in it reaches more than 38,000 works. It is interesting to know that the word Louvre in France means the light of the sky.
The Louvre, located on the banks of the Seine in the Paris region, had more than 9 million visitors in 2017, making it one of the most visited museums in the world. The roof of this museum is decorated with beautiful mosaics and paintings.
Works in the Louvre Museum
Most of the works in the Louvre museum are a subset of art, culture, and human history. , Parts of Persepolis, Golden-winged Goat, and Venus Milo pointed out, the history of some of the works in this museum dates back to years BC, also tourists touring Paris should know that some of the works that are kept in this museum today are looted after the Napoleonic War in Egypt and Italy.
One of the oldest works of this museum is the pottery that is 5,000 years old. It should be noted that the 38,000 works on display in this museum are only a small part of the works kept in it, the number of works kept in the Louvre museum is more than 422 thousand works.
The museum employs more than 2,200 people, of which about 1,200 provide security for the museum, and 48 of them are firefighters.
History of the Louvre Museum in Paris
First, you need to know that the building of this museum is located in the Louvre Palace, the construction of this palace began in the late 12th century by the order of the then King of France (Philip II).
The palace has been renovated several times to date, and it should be noted that the remaining parts of the original building are kept in the basement of the museum.
Many parts were added to the building in the 14th century, the palace was demolished in the 15th century and then the present Louvre was rebuilt. Years later, the defensive use of this castle faded and in 1546, the first Frenchman (King of France) chose this palace as his residence, after which the use of this palace was changed and became the official residence of the kings of France.
To date, various sections have been added to the palace, each of the French kings expanding the building separately, and the kings during World War II hid the relics in the palace so that they would not be harmed.
|Arc de Triomphe in France|
The western part of the museum was built in 1546 by order of King Francis, in the style of French Renaissance architecture, after which the overall shape of the building was slightly changed and two courtyards were added.
About 120 years after the palace became the residence of kings, Louis XIV, in 1682, after coming to the throne, chose another place to live, the Palace of Versailles, and ordered the Louvre to be a place to display the greatness of the French kingdom.
To convert. Remains of ancient Rome and Greece were visible in the palace at the time, and the development of the Louvre was delayed for several years. After 10 years in 1692, the ownership of this building was transferred to the two Royal Academy of Painting and the Academy of Inscription, these academies can be considered the first collectors of this museum.
The Louvre dates back to the 17th century and the French Revolution. In this century, the Academy of Painting and Sculpture was established in the halls of this museum.
The Louvre Museum was a royal museum before the French Revolution and ordinary people were not allowed to enter and visit it. After the French Revolution, the museum was donated to the French in 1789 and in November 1793 visited the Louvre for it became public and the museum officially became the National Museum of France.
The development of the Louvre continued in the 19th century and various sections were added to it, including the Richelieu section. In general, the Louvre at that time had 4 factions and a courtyard in the middle of these 4 factions. Valuable donations to the museum, it should be noted that parts of the palace were destroyed by fire in 1871.
The glass pyramid, the symbol of the Louvre Museum in Paris
The pyramid, now known as the symbol of the Louvre, was built by the famous American architect IMP. After the unveiling of the pyramid, some people opposed it and stated that the reason for their opposition was blasphemy.
It is interesting to know that the design of this pyramid was such that sunlight reaches the ground floor and illuminates it. In addition to visiting this glass pyramid, tourists can visit the sculptures and relics of the Renaissance.
Some of the most famous works of the Louvre Museum
Tableau of Mona Lisa
The most famous painting in the world is called Mona Lisa and is housed in the Louvre museum in Paris. This painting is the work of the famous artist, Leonardo da Vinci and is known as the smile of Jaconde, few people have not heard the name of this artist.
Using oil paint, the Mona Lisa is painted on a poplar tree and depicts a woman smiling. The creation of this work dates back to 1503 AD, it should also be noted that this painting by Leonardo da Vinci took several years.
Statue of Venus Milo
The date of construction of this statue dates back to 100 BC, the statue of Venus Milo is about 2 meters high and is kept in ancient Greece. It should be noted that this statue was brought to the Louvre museum in 1821.
Tablet of Hammurabi
This tablet, which is actually a column about 5 meters high, is another amazing and popular work in the Louvre museum. Cuneiform inscriptions can be seen on this column, these are the laws defined by the king of Babylon, which is known today as the first document recorded in the world. The rulers of that time were obliged to implement the laws contained in the Tablet of Hammurabi.
The Lady of the Rocks painting
As mentioned at the beginning of the text, this painting is another famous work in the Louvre museum. The painting of the Lady of the Rocks by Leonardo da Vinci shows the image of the Blessed Virgin Mary next to her son Jesus. In this work, there is a picture of other people such as John and an angel named Uriel. Represents the time of the life of the Blessed Virgin Mary with Jesus in Egypt.