Lascaux cave and Lascaux II France
Where is the Lascaux cave? Montignac is a small town in southwestern France. On this day in September 1940, several teenagers from the area went out of the city to play and took their dogs with them. When they reached the caves outside the city, the dog got lost and they entered the cave in search of it and inadvertently discovered one of the most important humans remains left before history.
Where is the Lascaux cave? Lascaux is the name of a collection of caves in southwestern France, famous for its cave paintings dating back to the Paleolithic period. The main caves are located near the village of Montignac in the city of Dordogne.
Inside these caves are some of the finest Neolithic arts. These paintings are 17,300 years old. Cave paintings are often images of large animals, most of which have been identified from fossils found near caves. In 1979, Lascaux was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
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History of Lascaux cave and Lascaux ii France
The cave was discovered on September 12, 1940, by four teenagers, Marcel Rovida, Jacques Marcel, Georges Anil, and Simone Cuenca, and Marcel’s dog, Robo. In 1955, carbon dioxide generated by 1,200 visitors a day clearly damaged several images.
The cave was closed to visitors in 1963 to restore its artwork. After the cave was closed, the paintings were restored to their original form. The rooms inside the cave were named “Cow Hall”, “Passage”, “Chimney”, “Church Hall”, “Monastery”, and “Feline Room”.
The Lascaux II, a replica of the cave rooms, including the Great Cow Hall and the Gallery of Art, opened in 1983, 200 meters from the original paintings.
The various sections of the Lascaux cave consist of a Great Hall of Cows, side passages, a dead shaft, an engraving room, a painted gallery, and a frame room. Lascaux cave contains 2,000 figures that can be classified into three main categories: animals, human figures, and abstract symbols.
Most of the original images are painted on the walls using mineral pigments, although some of the designs are also decorated in stone. Also appearing are cows, bison, flowers, birds, bears, rhinos, and humans. Horseback riding is the predominant animal.
There are four of the most famous images of four large black bulls in the Bulls Hall. One of the cows is 17 feet (5.2 meters) long, the largest animal ever discovered in cave art.
The walls of the cave are painted with about 600 animals and decorated with symbols and nearly 1500 engravings. In the dead shaft, only a human face can be found on the walls of Lascaux cave. The painting, titled “Dead Scene,” is a trilogy of a male Boston and what appears to be a rhinoceros.
Felines Room is about 25 meters long, which differs from other Lascaux cave galleries in its narrow dimensions and steep slope, which makes it difficult to move here. Archaeologists believe that the cave has long been used as a center for hunting and religious rites.
How was Lascaux Cave discovered?
Lascaux caves near Montaigne, France by accident in 1941. It was discovered by two boys playing on a plot of land. Magnificent paintings of animal figures on the walls of this cave are today considered the most amazing art of prehistoric times.
These motifs remained intact for more than ten thousand years in closed and dry underground containers. When this cave (and other caves discovered, such as Altamira Cave – discovered in 1879) was opened to the public, many of the designs were quickly damaged and destroyed due to moisture transfer (by a large number of visitors). The doors of Lascaux cave are closed to the public to prevent further damage to the paintings.
Lascaux Cave Paintings from 10 to 15 thousand BC in France:
1- Cattle Hall, left wall of Lascaux cave, approx.
2- Part of the previous image. The intricate perspective of the cow’s head is interesting, the profile of the head and the horns are depicted from another angle.
3- The axial corridor of the cave. The painting on the roof is almost natural.
4- Additional image of the roof of the cave.
Paleolithic (Upper Paleolithic):
The artist’s treatment of the statues in Lascaux cave and other caves is a naturalistic approach. Each painting is a reflection of the curious observation and extraordinary memory of this hunter and artist whose accuracy in capturing transient and momentary states can hardly be anything less than today’s camera.
These paintings are never found in the residential parts of the caves or near the clear mouth of the caves, and this completely eliminates their decorative aspect. The remoteness of these paintings and the difficulty of accessing many of them, and the fact that they appear to have been in use for hundreds of years, strongly suggest that prehistoric man-hunters had magical properties for them.
According to Abe Barvi, “prehistoric man, by restricting the animal to the frame of an image, makes him subject to your hunting territory.”
Turn the cave into a museum
A few years after the discovery of Lascaux, the French equipped the cave and prepared it for ordinary people to enter, and turned it into a natural museum to earn money. The cave was open to the public until 1963, but over time, with increasing traffic, the risk of destruction increased and the French government was forced to close the entrance.
Since then, ordinary people have been barred from entering it, and only scientists or certain individuals can access the cave and observe its surroundings with a permit, but because it could not curb people’s curiosity, it also ignored its income.
A few years later, they built museums exactly like the Lascaux cave, which opened in 1983 and is still active, with tens of thousands of visitors each year.
According to researchers, the paintings on the wall of this cave date back 17,000 years ago. This amazing work of art is so located in the heart of the cave that artists had to use candlelight to paint it because natural light does not penetrate into this part.
Today, visiting this cave is not open to the public because there are always concerns that people may damage this work of art while visiting. The French government has made copies of these paintings so that visitors can view them without worry.
Lascaux cave and its paintings are inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. This collection was discovered in 1940. One of the most important and spectacular parts of it is the Cow Hall, in which images of cows, horses, and wild cows are amazingly engraved.
Inside these caves are some of the finest Neolithic arts. These paintings are 17,300 years old. The cave paintings are often images of large animals, most of which were identified from fossils found near the caves. In 1979, Lascaux was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.