What do you know about Petra Jordan?
The city of Petra Jordan has been ruled by the Nabataeans for 200 years, and according to historical evidence and what can be seen from this city, they had a glorious and prosperous government. With all these interpretations, the city of Petra in Jordan is one of the Seven Wonders of the World and is on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
In 2007, seven masterpieces and architectural masterpieces were introduced as the New Seven Wonders, including the city of Petra, located in the Kingdom of Jordan in Asia and one of the most magnificent tourist attractions.
It is worth mentioning that there are legends and secrets about the construction of the city of Petra, which has turned this historical complex into a strange and mysterious place, if you are interested in learning about it you are an amazing and beautiful city. In the continuation of this article, stay with us to provide you with general information about this historical complex.
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Introducing the city of Petra Jordan
The city of Petra Jordan has actually been the capital and seat of government of an Arab people called the Nabataeans for 200 years. Modern Palestine began and continued to the Levant desert in the east, the city of Petra was always considered due to its very convenient location and the location at the junction of Mesopotamia, Syria, and Saudi Arabia and was one of the most important areas of that time.
Petra city architecture
Petra Jordan has a very unique architecture because all the walls and parts of the city are built in the heart of red mountains and rocks and their material is hard stone. In the past, such a city and its magnificent structures were built. It is very difficult to work in the heart of stone and that is why many people believe that this unique and beautiful city was built by elves and extraterrestrial beings.
History of Petra Jordan
The city of Petra Jordan, 200 years after its founding, was besieged by the Romans in 105 AD and captured only a few days later. The Romans also ruled the city for more than half a century until the Arabs invaded Petra in 636 AD and defeated the Romans with war and bloodshed and captured the city. After about 200 years, a severe earthquake struck southern Jordan. And as a result of this earthquake, it largely destroyed this city and buried it in the heart of history.
Different parts of Petra city
As mentioned earlier, Petra Jordan is very magnificent and has various sections such as a monastery, the tomb of a Roman soldier, a church, Siq, Bab al-Siq, a large shrine, a treasury, a dam and a theater, a court, a silk temple, a palace temple. Etc., which we will introduce some of the most important in the following.
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One of the largest and most magnificent buildings in the city of Petra Jordan is a monastery and place of worship that used to hold religious ceremonies. This monastery is about 47 meters wide and 48 meters high, and it is good to know that the word “monastery” is engraved in Arabic letters on the back wall of this building.
Tomb of a Roman soldier in Petra
Other important buildings in Petra Jordan include the tomb of a Roman soldier, which has two buildings and a very beautiful courtyard, and is one of the architectural masterpieces in Petra, in the courtyard of this tomb and inside. In the niche, there are statues and designs of Roman officers that have added to the beauty of the building.
Petra City Church
The church of the city of Petra is actually a Byzantine church that has a very beautiful building, in the church building there are long corridors where walking takes visitors to the heart of history. Marble furniture belonging to this complex has been discovered in the churchyard. Today, some of this marble furniture has been restored and tourists can visit it.
Siq is actually a long, narrow road that leads to Bab al-Siq (the gate of the city of Petra). This stone path is about 160 meters long, which starts from the city dam and continues to the treasury of Petra. The 80-meter-high surrounds the path, and walking among them gives visitors a sense of adventure.
If you visit the city of Petra and enter Siq, you will see water canals that were built to supply water to the city of Petra. It is good to know that there are designs engraved by the prophets on some of the stone walls of Siq.
The Great Shrine of Petra
This place of worship is one of the main parts of the historic city of Petra Jordan, which is very famous. This complex was actually built around a century BC. The place of worship and the great temple were discovered in 1992 by a team of archaeologists. The place of worship continues to this day.
The first building that attracts visitors at the beginning of the arrival is the Treasury, this stone structure that is more than 40 meters high is known as the most luxurious and magnificent building in the city of Petra, tourists and visitors should Know that the exterior of the treasury is full of designs and patterns engraved on the stone.
The Nabataeans built a dam to protect the city of Petra from seasonal floods, which is very difficult due to the facilities of the time and is one of the architectural masterpieces in this complex. It should be noted that this historic dam was rebuilt in 1964 by the Jordanian government and is now in very good condition.
Another part of the historic city of Petra is an amphitheater with a capacity of 4,000 people. This hall has 7 floors and it is interesting to know that this amphitheater was renovated once by the Romans the past.
Petra in danger of extinction
Sandstorms, heavy rains, winds, rising salt concentrations in the region have destroyed the historic and valuable city of Petra Jordan, although the World Health Organization has made many efforts to protect this mysterious and dangerous attraction. The destruction of the city has greatly reduced it, but the danger of destruction has not yet disappeared.