Everything about the Leaning Tower of Pisa
Italy would be a fantastic dreaming destination if you plan to travel to a European country. Magnificent monuments in different cities of Italy would surprise you. These buildings are left with extraordinary architecture.
One of Italy’s tourist attractions is the Tower of Pisa, which is known as the leaning tower of Pisa.
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Italy is one of the best European countries which attracts a large number of tourists from all over the world by high tourist attractions.
Italy would be a fiction destination if you plan to travel to a European country. Magnificent monuments in different cities of Italy would amazingly surprise you.
These buildings are left with magnificent architecture. One of Italy’s tourist attractions is the Tower of Pisa, known as the leaning tower of Pisa.
leaning tower of Pisa
The reason why this tower is named with a sloping word is that the tower has a deviation in the southwest direction.
It is interesting to know that before the construction of the leaning tower of Pisa, this deviation was to the southeast.
After the construction of the tower due to a weak foundation and lack of strength in the base of the tower, this deviation has been created. In the deviated part of the tower, the height reaches 55 meters and its highest part is 56 meters.
History of the Leaning Tower of Pisa
The leaning tower of Pisa is 85 meters long and weighs about 14,500 tons. The tower is located in Tuscany, Italy, behind the cathedral in Duomo Square.
According to the available documents, the construction of this tower started on August 9, 1173, during the renaissance period.
At that time, the Italian aristocracy and the rich hired architects and artists to compete with each other to create amazing and special buildings for them.
In this regard, the people of Pisa in the 12th century decided to have a tower behind the cathedral of the city that is better and more magnificent than St. Mark’s Tower.
The leaning tower of Pisa is one of four existing buildings whose exact architect is unknown. But according to the available documents and evidence, the first architect of this tower was Bonanno Pisano.
In the beginning, the foundations of this tower were dug. The first architect to build the tower was an architect named Pizano. Pizano built the first stone of this tower. After the construction of the lower three floors of the tower were completed, the architects noticed that the tower was tilted.
the tower was sinking to the ground, due to the weak foundation and lack of strength of the tower base. So they decided to stop the construction of the leaning tower of Pisa. This break lasted 100 years.
History of the Leaning Tower of Pisa
After a long hiatus of 100 years, the people of Pisa decided to resume the process of building the tower. To do this, two prominent architects named Giovanni di Simone and Tommano Simone were commissioned.
Despite the fact that the tower was tilted and the construction process of the tower was postponed for 100 years, there were no problems with the construction of the tower.
Since the building was skewed, the engineers decided to build the next four floors so that one side was higher than the other.
This manipulation caused the tower to deviate in the opposite direction. That is, at first, the lower 3 floors of the tower were tilted to the southeast, but after the decision of the new architects, the tower deviated to the southwest. Later, another architect, Pizano, built the tower’s last balcony and installed the tower bells on the top floor.
Now the height of this tower is 85 meters and there are 7 bells on its last balcony. It is interesting to know that the deviation of this tower is increasing every day and now the leaning tower of Pisa has deviated 445 cm from its main line.
The leaning tower of Pisa has 297 steps. It is interesting to know that many experts today believe that the main reason for the deviation of this tower is that the foundation is built on soil, which is composed of alluvial sand and clay.
The tower is built on swampy ground. It is the main reason for the deviation.
In recent centuries, although thousands of towers exploded near World War II and hundreds of strong and light earthquakes occurred around the leaning tower of Pisa, the tower still stands and has not fallen to the ground.
Every year, the tower tilts 2.5 cm to the ground. Experts believe that the tower will collapse completely in the next 200 years.
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Interesting facts about the Leaning Tower of Pisa
It is interesting to know that Galileo was a famous Italian scientist from Pisa. He performed his experiments on free fall at the top of the tower.
The leaning tower of Pisa is now the main symbol of the city of Pisa. The tower was also officially declared a cultural heritage site by UNESCO in 1987.
In 1990, no one could visit the tower because of the risk of collapse. But in 2001, an operation was carried out so that visitors would visit the tower.
The construction of the leaning tower of Pisa took 2 centuries. The tower has 297 steps and 8 floors. You have to go up 297 steps to reach the top floor.
The tower is built in a cylinder. If you are inside the leaning tower of Pisa, you may feel dizzy and dizzy. The tower has seven bells that are made in Roman style. These bells weigh 29 tons.