What do you know about the Mayan ruins of Tikal Guatemala?
Tikal is one of the Mayan monuments that has survived to this day in Guatemala, one of the largest Mayan cities, and is part of the Tikal National Park, which has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1979. The city, which means “voice of the soul” in the Mayan language, is nestled in the heart of Guatemala’s lush forests.
The ancient city of Tikal is located in Guatemala, and archaeologists to this day have not been able to find some of the Israelites that exist in the area and its people. The ancient Mayan city of Tikal is covered with dense forests and centuries of mystery lie behind it.
Tikal is one of the largest forgotten sites of antiquity in the West. We have all always been impressed by Machu Picchu, but the scale and maintenance of Tikal, located on the site of World War II tropical war in eastern Guatemala, affects the city.
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Some of the tallest temples in Tikal Guatemala rise to the top of dense forests and were the tallest buildings in the New World until the 19th century. If you want to know what life was like in the crowded main square of a Mayan city in 800 AD, you can travel back in time to Tikal, and this journey is completed in time by the sounds of howling monkeys, spiders, parrots, and about 285 other birds.
The natural environment of the region is similar to 1300 years ago; When, for reasons that are still unknown and mysterious, the inhabitants of Tikal disappeared in the late 10th century.
What was Tikal and what happened?
Tikal Guatemala was once one of the most important metropolises of the Maya civilization and one of the largest civilizations in the world. Located in the wild in Tikal National Park, 200 miles north of Guatemala City, south of the Yucatan Peninsula, it was formed in the early 600s BC.
Tikal was once one of the most important metropolises of the Maya civilization and one of the largest civilizations in the world.
Most of the main visible buildings you see today date back to the heyday of Tikal Guatemala, 550-900 AD. In 800 AD, with a population of 10,000 to 90,000, Tikal was larger than London.
Archaeologists have unearthed 3,000 structures along with more than 200 stone statues and altars in an area of 6 square miles. Unlike other ancient sites (usually perched on grassy hills or where stone sculptures have been destroyed and are rarely taller than humans), most structures in Tikal are the same size and scale as they were thousands of years ago.
This is especially true of the Great Plaza (where the Tikal ceremonies and ceremonies were held); Where it seems to have been built by a rebellious Pharaoh.
The towering, pyramidal temples are located around the main square (on a 10-hectare plot of land) and are very valuable and paved. For centuries, apart from sporting events, it has been the scene of epic religious ceremonies and especially exhilarating performances.
There are several playgrounds in Tikal Guatemala, one of which is located on the main field, where ancient athletes tried to hold rubber-like balls in the air as much as possible without using their hands. To reach the top of the hill, where one of the high temples is located, you have to climb 170 steps. You have to have strong legs to go back.
The second tallest temple is about 145 feet above the main square. In addition, the temple is surrounded by other temples on the Central Acropolis and the Northern Acropolis. Temple 4, 212 feet high, was once the tallest building in pre-Columbian America. You can go to the roof of this temple to sit on it and watch the beautiful scenery.
From the top of the temples in Tikal Guatemala, you can see the white roofs of other temples that are located in the dense forests and are scattered throughout this hidden civilization.
For whatever reason, the Maya had chosen a place where tens of thousands of people lived, but no particular river or water area. They relied heavily on seasonal rainfall in reservoirs and reservoirs to provide the water they needed.
Some believe that drought could be the main culprit in the destruction of the thriving Tikal Guatemala civilization.
It was an advanced civilization that employed engineering, mathematics, and astronomy, and many consider it better than the civilization of its European counterparts in the eighth century.
The inhabitants of Tikal invented a calendar with 365 days, and their lunar cycle differs by only 7 minutes from the calculations determined today by the best modern tools and structures.
While no one knows exactly what happened to the Tikal Maya, some believe that drought could be the main culprit in the destruction of this thriving civilization; The same fate befell Native American communities in the southwestern United States. Residents of Tikal Guatemala, who relied on seasonal rainfall, became vulnerable to drought and extinction as the population grew.
How to go to Tikal?
Tikal Guatemala was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1979 and has many attractions for tourists. It is best to spend a few nights in this area to visit them all.
Admission to Tikal National Park is $ 20 and there is no charge for children under 11 years old.
There are three main hotels at the entrance to Tikal Guatemala National Park: The Jungle Lodge, the Tikal Inn, and the Jaguar Inn. The easiest way to reach Tikal is the small town of Flores in Guatemala. The hotels offer minibus tours to Tikal, which take about 75 minutes. Public buses also run from Tikal to Santa Elena Bus Station during the day.
If you want to go to Tikal by public bus, it will take you 2 hours. Admission to Tikal National Park is $ 20 and there is no charge for children under 11 years old. For a few dollars, you can get maps of Tikal hiking maps and visit this mysterious place.
More than half of Guatemalans live below the poverty line, and almost half of them live in extreme poverty. Like its Central American neighbors Honduras and El Salvador, it has struggled with crime and drug trafficking in recent years.
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