Everything about St Peters Basilica
St Peters Basilica(St. Peter’s Basilica) is the most important church in the world, and you probably know that St Peters Basilica is located in Rome But if we want to say exactly where the church of San Pietro is, we must say that this church is located not in Rome and Italy, but in the Vatican.
St Peters Basilica is the most important church in the world, and you probably know that St Peters Basilica is located in Rome but if we want to say exactly where the church of San Pietro is, we must say that this church is not located in Rome and Italy, but the Vatican.
|St. Peter’s Basilica, Vatican City | update|
St Peters Basilica Church in Rome
The Vatican is a legally independent state or city-state in the heart of Rome, Italy, which seceded from Italy in 1929 after the signing of the Lateran Treaty.
So legally, St. Peter’s Church is in the Vatican, not Italy. But it is common to say that St Peters Basilica is in Italy and Rome.
The Church of St. Peter in Italy is named after St. Peter or Peter, one of the twelve apostles of Jesus Christ.
He is considered the first pope of the Christian world. According to Christianity, St. Peter was elected the first pope of Christianity after Jesus and founded the Church of Antioch and the Church of Rome.
History of St Peters Basilica
In 64 AD, after the great fire of Rome, Emperor Nero blamed the fire on the Christians and ordered their persecution and murder.
Thus many Christians were killed, including Peter. Peter, also known as St. Peter, was crucified at an equestrian stadium west of the Tiber River and buried outside the stadium.
In 313 AD, about 250 years after the martyrdom of Peter, Emperor Constantine I chose Christianity as the official religion of the Roman Empire.
Between 318 and 322, Constantine ordered the construction of a church on Peter’s Tomb, now known as St Peters Basilica.
This old church of St. Peter has been very important in history and in addition to the announcement of the new pope, Charlemagne was crowned in 800 AD as the king of the Holy Roman Empire in this church.
In the 15th century, the old building of St. Peter’s Church in Rome was not in good condition and was becoming a ruin.
Thus, by the order of Pope Nicholas V, the renovation of the Church of San Pietro Vatican began, and for this purpose, most of the marble stones of the Colosseum Amphitheater were brought to the area.
But after a while, the decision was changed and in 1505 AD, Pope Julius II ordered the demolition of the old church and the construction of a new church.
Pope Julius wanted to build the largest and most magnificent church in the world, so he organized a design competition and the design of Donato Bramante, one of the greatest architects of the Renaissance, was chosen as the winning design.
Bramante intended to build the Church of St. Peter in the form of a large Greek cross (in the form of a plus sign) and a dome inspired by the dome of the Pantheon in Rome.
But with the death of the pope in 1513, Bramante was fired from the church of the St. Peter Vatican, and Raphael, another great Italian artist, was chosen as the architect of the church.
Raphael made changes to the previous plan by making one side of the building more elongated, he wanted to make it in the shape of at (Latin cross).
But Raphael also failed to see the final result of this building and died in 1520 AD. However, St Peters Basilica was built on Raphael’s plan with minor modifications, until in 1547, Pope Paul III selected 72-year-old Michelangelo as the new architect of St.
Although significant parts of the building were built, Michelangelo made extensive changes to the plan of St Peters Basilica, restoring it to its original Bramante structure and the Greek cross, adding a large dome that it still counts as one of the largest in the world.
When Michelangelo died in 1547, many parts of St Peters Basilica were completed, but the construction of St Peters Basilica was completed by 1590.
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Visit St Peters Basilica
St Peters Basilica is one of Rome’s most important tourist attractions, and you can take the Metro Line A to San Pietro Station, about 600 meters from St.
Admission to St. Peter’s Church is free and you do not have to pay any fees. Of course, this is only for entering the church and visiting its main hall.
You must purchase separate tickets to visit the various sections or to climb the church dome.
St Peters Basilica is open from 7 am to 7 pm in the first six months of the year (April 1 to September 30) and from 7 am to 6:30 pm in the second half of the year (October 1 to March 31).
You should also know that on Wednesdays when the Pope is present in St. Peter’s Square, the church is closed until noon.
Another thing to keep in mind when visiting St Peters Basilica in Rome is the rules and regulations of the church.
To visit this church and the churches of Rome in general, do not wear shorts and short skirts as well as sleeveless clothes, otherwise, you will be prevented from entering the church.
It is best to have a shawl with you in addition to wearing appropriate clothing so that you can use it if necessary.