Sulaymaniyah Mosque Turkey
Every year, a large number of tourists come to Istanbul to visit this historic city. Different tourist and historical monuments are placed everywhere in Istanbul.
One of the tourist attractions in Istanbul is the Sulaymaniyah Mosque. The historical monuments of Istanbul have unique architecture.
Evidence suggests that Ottoman buildings were built with a particular mindset.
Istanbul is the most famous city in Turkey. Every year, a large number of tourists come to Istanbul to visit the historic city.
Different tourist and historical monuments are seen everywhere in Istanbul. One of the tourist attractions in Istanbul is Sulaymaniyah Mosque.
The historical monuments of Istanbul have special architecture. Evidence suggests that Ottoman buildings were built with a particular mindset.
It does not matter which magnificent building you visit in Istanbul if you are surprised.
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History of Sulaymaniyah Mosque
Suleymaniye Mosque is located on the third hill in the city of Istanbul. When you look at the mosque, you think that the building of the mosque is very close to the sky.
Sulaymaniyah Mosque is the second largest mosque in Istanbul after the Hagia Sophia, which is another famous mosque in Istanbul.
In 1550, Sultan Suleiman I ordered the construction of a mosque to represent his empire. The construction of this mosque took 7 years. In 1557, the Sulaymaniyah Mosque was prepared to be unveiled.
This mosque has an inner courtyard which is surrounded by 4 minarets. The reason for the existence of 4 minarets in this mosque is that Sultan Suleiman intended to say that he was the fourth Ottoman king after the conquest of Constantinople.
The Sulaymaniyah Mosque is not the only place of worship but this mosque is a magnificent historical monument that is also considered a tourist place. In the past, in this mosque, there was a hospital, kitchen, school, a bath, and caravanserai for travelers to rest.
Interior view of Suleymaniye Mosque
Sulaymaniyah Mosque is located at the top of a hill in the Kantarjilar area between a ministry and the office of Shaykh al-Islam. When you look at the mosque from the front, you can see a magnificent building that has risen to the sky.
It is interesting to know that if you look down and far from the top of the Sulaymaniyah Mosque, you can also see the two continents of Europe and Asia because the city of Istanbul is the crossing the two continents, and you can see the two seas around Istanbul as well.
In the distance, you may be able to discern the high mountains around Istanbul.
It is interesting to know that the mosque has witnessed many incidents during its historical life years.
Many of these incidents, such as war, fire, and earthquake, have already damaged the main building of the mosque.
But the skilled Turkish architects rebuilt the damages each time. In 1660, part of the mosque was destroyed by fire.
The damage from the fire was later repaired. In 1766, due to an earthquake, some parts of this great mosque were destroyed and the architects renovated them.
During World War II, the Sulaymaniyah Mosque was damaged and rebuilt once again. In 2013, some other parts of the northern part of the mosque were damaged due to the construction of the Halic Bridge in Turkey.
Although the Halic Metro Bridge is very beautiful, it has damaged the northern facade of the mosque horribly.
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What is the architecture of Sulaymaniyah Mosque like?
Perhaps the question for you is who is the architect of the great mosque? The design and architecture of the Sulaymaniyah Mosque were done by the architect Sinan.
He was one of the most famous Ottoman architects. He also served as the chief architect of the Ottoman Empire for 50 years.
The architecture of the Suleymaniye Mosque
The architecture of the Suleymaniyah Mosque is a combination of Islamic and Byzantine architecture.
Many parts of this mosque, such as the dome and minarets, are reminiscent of Byzantine churches. The height of the largest dome of the mosque is 53 meters and its diameter is 26.5. The dome is decoratively surrounded by small domes as well.
Suleymaniyah Mosque also has four 76-meter minarets. As it is already mentioned, the existence of 4 minarets indicates that Sultan Suleiman the King is the fourth Ottoman ruler after the conquest of Constantinople.
Besides, it is interesting to know that the mosque has 10 balconies. The number 10 indicates Sultan Suleiman as the tenth king of the Ottoman Empire.
The interior architecture of the mosque is very simple and special. There are no special patterns on the columns.
The ground of the mosque and the columns are made of white marble. This simplicity multiplies the grandeur of the mosque, and at first glance, you might think that this mosque is bigger than the Hagia Sophia.
There are three ways to enter the Suleymaniyah Mosque in Istanbul. One way is to enter it through the inner courtyard of the mosque. The other two paths are in the outer courtyard of the mosque.
The interesting thing about this mosque is the attention to acoustic design. Despite this design, the sound of the call to prayer and the prelude resonate well in the mosque, and there is no need for a speaker to play the sound.
This special design at that time conveyed the sound to all parts of Istanbul’s Grand Suleymaniyah Mosque.
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In the southern part of the mosque, the tomb of Sultan Suleiman and his wife Khorram Sultan and the architect of Sinan can be seen.
Of course, the tomb of Sinan is separate from the king and his wife and is located on the northwest side of the mosque. The octagonal tomb of the Sultan and his wife were also built separately.
The tombs of other people can also be seen in this mosque. The daughter, mother, and sister of Sultan Suleiman, Sultan Ahmad II, and Sultan Suleiman II are placed among those buried in the Sultan Suleiman Mosque.