What do you know about the Terracotta Army?
The Chinese Pottery Army, also known as the Chinese Terracotta Army and the Pottery Division, includes more than 7,000 statues of Chinese Royal Guard soldiers, along with 130 military carriages and 520 horses in an area of 16,300 square meters. The limbs and size of these soldiers are equal to the size of an ordinary human being and none of them are completely similar to the other.
In 1974, archaeologists were able to find an army lying underground in China’s Shaanxi Province near the tomb of China’s first emperor. China is one of those wonderful countries where we are constantly making strange discoveries.
However, the discovery of an army of 8,000 human-sized pottery has certainly been one of the most astonishing discoveries in Chinese history that amaze everyone. The 8,000-strong pottery army was fully equipped with weapons, next to the eastern side of the cemetery where they were buried. In the following, we want to tell you the facts about this strange discovery and reveal it.
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How was the Terracotta Army found?
The discovery of the Terracotta Army, or China Pottery Army, was certainly one of the most interesting discoveries in Chinese history. According to archaeologists, these clay soldiers date back to 220 to 210 BC, and each soldier has a special feature, and surprisingly, the faces of the two soldiers are not alike! There are indeed many secrets about Terracotta, but in these 40 years, archaeologists have been able to uncover many incredible details about terrestrial soldiers.
The Terracotta Army is located near the ancient city of Xianyang, and in modern-day maps of China, the area belongs to the Lishan Mountains in the Lintong District, approximately 660 miles southwest of Beijing. Scientists believe that the entire underground cemetery was in fact a reflection of the inside and outside of the imperial palace of that time.
In fact, in 1974, local farmers were digging when a potter’s head suddenly fell out. Unaware of the importance of what they had found, the farmers picked up the find and took it home with them. Several months later, scientists learned of the discovery and went to the site to find the source of the pottery.
Discover the Terracotta Army
From the very first excavations in 1974, archaeologists were able to find three holes with more than 8,000 clay soldiers. Archaeologists have also uncovered 40,000 real weapons. These holes are between 15 and 20 feet underground and vary in size.
Each corridor is separated from the other by corridors through walls, and under the feet of these soldiers, there are thousands of pieces of pottery on which the soldiers stand. It is interesting to know that the faces of all these soldiers are facing east, exactly where the enemy territory was, every soldier also has a weapon.
Unfortunately, many of the weapons and body parts of these soldiers, especially their heads, have been looted. The looting took place only a few years after Qin Shi’s death. The looters killed many of these soldiers, looted their weapons, and then set them on fire, causing the roof to collapse on the statues and destroying some of them.
Red spots can be seen on the bodies of some of these clay soldiers, and there are clear effects from parts of the roof that have fallen on the soldiers. Archaeologists have been able to find large quantities of red clay and coal with holes in the trunk of the Terracotta Army.
Restoration of Terracotta Army soldiers
By the time archaeologists found the soldiers, many of them had been destroyed, and almost none of them were completely safe. Most of them were completely broken and there were no parts of their body, especially their heads, and in addition they lost their radiance.
To date, Chinese archaeologists have repaired many of these broken pieces, which number 2,000, and they are now housed in the Terracotta Army Museum, exactly where they were placed 2,200 years ago. Were, were placed.
How are Terracotta Army soldiers made?
According to National Geographic, the Chinese ghost army, or Chinese pottery army, is made of clay and clay, and they are all handmade. Archaeologists estimate that at the time, the artists who made these soldiers spent at least 10 years building them to be able to build 8,000 soldiers in real size and with the best and most detail possible.
Archaeologists also believe that at least 87 sculptors participated in the work, each of whom had a team of at least 10 people, and that they were able to build at least one soldier a month.
Ken Shi, the creator of the Terracotta Army
Qin Shi was in fact the first Chinese king who, as an emperor, was able to organize and consolidate the entire Chinese army. Kin Shi was best known for his power to legislate as well as enforce laws. His legalism was well-known to everyone, even his enemies.
Another thing that Qin Shi did during his reign was to completely ban people from the Confucian school and burn any books that belonged to him. Scholars and historians agree that China began to develop when Qinxi brought it to unity and strength. It is even interesting to know that the current name of the land of China is inspired by this emperor.
Emperor Qin Shi When he was poisoned and died while drinking syrup to immortalize, the soldiers of Terracotta were placed in his tomb with him, so that these soldiers would believe in the Chinese in the world that was waiting for Qin Shi after his death.
To protect, the tomb, which contained the body of Qin Shi and Terracotta soldiers, took nearly 37 years to build, and according to historical records, the workers who participated in the construction of the tomb were all buried alive so that no one would know about Qin Shi’s burial site.
It should be noted here that when the Terracotta soldiers were found, researchers, based on various books, also searched for the tomb of the great Qin Shi, but in the end, did not find it.
Why was the Terracotta Army built?
What do you really think could be the purpose behind making this number of clay soldiers with such precision? Why is it necessary to build 8,000 clay soldiers the size of real humans? In fact, the main purpose of building Terracotta Army warriors was not just theory but also a practical purpose, meaning that the main purpose of building the Terracotta Army was to protect the first emperor from his enemies in the next life, and that is why these soldiers are made with such precision and elegance. In 1987, UNESCO recognized the Terracotta Army as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in order to protect these historically valuable treasures.