The Angkor Wat Cambodia
Angkor Wat is an ancient site in Cambodia that houses a collection of remnants of the Khmer empire’s ancient capitals, built between the ninth and fifteenth centuries AD. The Angkor site was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1992 due to its exceptional conditions and was removed from the World Heritage List in 2004 after twelve years of restoration.
Angkor Wat in Cambodia has an interesting history in Cambodia, and today, its appearance has attracted a lot of attention. It is estimated that a significant proportion of tourists visiting Cambodia are more interested in visiting the temple than anything else. The symbol of this temple can be seen even on the flag of this country.
According to the available evidence, the temple of Angkor Wat in Cambodia was built between 1113 and 1150 AD. The area of this building is about two hundred hectares and the literal meaning of its name is “Temple City”. Of course, given the size of this structure, this name is not misleading.
|Follow us with another article from itnery. Team ITNERY is a global tourism complex that can serve tourists around the world. For more information, you can visit our platform|
Angkor Wat Ancient Temple
Angkor Wat is located inside the city of Angkor. The city is known as the capital of the Khmer Empire. But these days, the city has also changed in the course of modern life and has found a different look. However, it must be said that this city still hosts hundreds of small and large temples that are reminiscent of those ancient and forgotten times. In the past, the city had a population of just over one million. It should be noted that this city was one of the largest cities in the world before the Industrial Revolution.
The temple was originally founded as a Hindu temple to worship the “God Vishnu”, although it later changed its use and continued to function as a Buddhist temple. The Buddhist statues that were later added to the temple are now considered valuable works of art.
The main tower of this temple, which is 65 meters high, is surrounded by 4 smaller towers and a series of fences. But the interesting thing is that the general appearance of this structure, inspired by “Mount Meru”, is a sacred and legendary mountain in Indian mythology that is said to be located beyond the Himalayas. This mountain, like Mount Olympus in ancient Greek mythology, is known as the abode of the gods.
Recent research with state-of-the-art laser aerial scanning has shown that the city has a central nucleus of up to 500,000 people, as well as a vast peripheral area that may have accommodated even more. Is. A lost city was also discovered during the investigation. A town called Mahendraparvata, located 40 km north of Angkor Wat.
The team believes the ruins are remnants of the structures of the ancient and lost city of Mahendraparvata, built by the former Khmer emperor Jayavarman II.
The temple is surrounded by a moat that is 200 meters wide and 4 meters deep. The moat surrounds an area of about 5 km. The ditch above has a serious task to protect the temple, but differently, in fact, this ditch, to help strengthen the foundation and the main foundation of the structure and prevent rising or falling water level and groundwater infiltration into the foundation of the structure, has done.
The main entrance of this temple is located on the west side according to the characteristics of the god Vishnu. This entrance is built in the middle of a stone passage and is protected by lion-shaped sculptures. On the east side, there is a second entrance to the building, which is less glamorous than the main entrance.
The main heart of this complex is the 65-meter high tower which is located in the center of this temple. The statue of the god Vishnu is placed in the darkness of this tower and to enter it, you have to climb a stone staircase.
|St Peters Basilica in Cambodia|
A trip into the amazing temple of Angkor Wat
Recently, paintings have been found in the central tower of Angkor Wat in Cambodia that has been hidden from view until now. The hall in this tower is a stage where images of traditional Khmer musical instruments are presented in a group and is known as “pinpeat”. An interesting collection of bells, bells, xylophones, wind instruments, and other percussion instruments.
Also in the same hall are intricate images of people on horseback moving between two structures, which look like temples. These two murals were recently discovered by examining the walls with a laser.
The person who ordered the construction of Angkor was a kingdom called “Suryavarman II”. He was a usurper, as he seized power as a teenager by killing his uncle, Dharaninderavarman. But his thirst for blood and bleeding had just begun. He tried to increase his power and expand his territory by invading Vietnam. However, he also undertook various measures, including the establishment of peaceful diplomatic relations and the re-establishment of relations with China.
He worshiped the god Vishnu, better known as the patron saint and protector. For this reason, he placed a statue of this god on top of the main tower of the temple.
Signs of this attachment and faith in the heart can also be seen in the southern part of the temple. In this part of the temple, there are ancient sculptures that tell a part of the legends of India, a story called “Taking butter from a sea of milk”.
Building Angkor Wat in Cambodia of this magnitude has been a difficult and time-consuming task. Significant work required the extraction of abundant resources from sand and gravel mines, careful and cautious workers, and of course the abundance of drilling operations. For example, 1.5 million square meters of sand were used to build the ditch, and workers had to move a significant portion of the mud, which had to be done by thousands.
The construction of this structure has faced a great challenge for its builders. For added strength, they used laterite, or laterite, to build the temple, which, although soft at first, becomes very hard when exposed to sunlight.
The surface of the temple was also covered with a covering of limestone, a covering that was very suitable and ideal for making the famous carvings of this temple. Limestone blocks were brought from the Kulen Hills 30 km north. Recent research has shown that these blocks were transported by a network of canals to the construction site.