Bagan in Myanmar
In 2019, UNESCO officially declared the ancient city of Bagan in Myanmar as a World Heritage Site. More than 3,500 pagodas, temples, and other ancient religious buildings occupy approximately 16 square miles of ancient Bagan in the Great Bagan Archaeological Site. Most of these buildings were built between 800 and 1000 years ago when Bagan was a royal capital.
What do you know about the temples of Bagan? Myanmar, a country in East Asia whose largest city is Rangoon and whose capital is Naypyidaw. Myanmar, also known as Burma, is a unique tourist destination for travelers who book plane tickets and visit Buddhist temples and beautiful beaches. In 2016, a magnitude 6.8 earthquake shook the region, damaging 185 ancient buildings. Restoration work on the damaged buildings continues, and new rules are being envisioned to help preserve the site as well as manage the increase in visitors to the popular tourist destination.
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Myanmar is a country in East Asia whose largest city is Rangoon and whose capital is Naypyidaw. Myanmar, also known as Burma, is a unique tourist destination for airline ticket travelers interested in Buddhist temples and beautiful beaches. Myanmar welcomes many foreign tourists. Travelers interested in visiting Buddhist temples can spend a full day in Bagan, as Bagan is more of a Buddhist temple than anywhere else in the world.
Bagan is the most popular destination in Myanmar, the capital of the First Burmese Empire from the 9th to the 12th century, and the place that Marco Polo referred to as the gilded city in the 11th century included 13,000 Buddhist temples, many of which remain, including The famous temple of Ananda with its golden coating that shines like a jewel.
Bagan is one of the most famous ancient cities in the world, dating back many years. Many know this city as Pagan, it is known as one of the architectural wonders of the ancient world due to its more than 2,000 temples and antiquities. Interestingly, how these temples were built thousands of years ago is still unknown, and many archaeologists are working to find an answer to this mystery.
This ancient and historical city is also known by other names in local legends, such as Tambadipa meaning copper city, and Tasadessa meaning burnt city, because in the past there were many copper mines in and around this city and most people worked in these mines. They were earning a living.
Temples of Bagan
The ancient city of Bagan has faced many incidents and has often been destroyed, but the beautiful and old temples of this city attract many tourists to Myanmar. Many tourists visit these temples to watch the sunrise and sunset, which has given a beautiful face to the city. These temples have now been turned into museums with thousands of years of history.
Many of the temples in the city of Bagan are similar to the pyramids and are built in the size of the three pyramids of Egypt. The difference is that the three pyramids are all the same color, but these temples are made in different colors, such as multi-tiered wedding cakes. Among the ancient temples of Bagan, Bupaya Pagoda is the oldest and is said to have been built in the third century by King Pagan Piusavi.
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Pagoda is the most famous temple in the city and is about 6 meters high. The most interesting part is the large stone that is located at the top and is covered with a thin coating of gold. According to legend, this stone was kept in balance by a Buddha’s hair, but there was nothing to fix it. Watching the sunset from behind these cliffs is very spectacular and is one of the most popular places to visit for tourists.
Another famous temple of this city is known as Ananda, which was built in 1090 by the order of Shah Kian Zita and this temple is similar to the legendary Nandamola Cave in the Himalayas. These caves are said to have belonged to worshipers who spent most of their lives worshiping there. The height of the temple is 51 meters and the most important part of it is a golden dome that was built in 1990 to celebrate its 900th anniversary and installed on top of the temple. There are also four very large statues of Buddha in this temple, each pointing to one side.
Another of the most famous temples of the Bagan Temple is the Shusandava Temple, built-in 1057 by order of King Anwata, and the dome of the temple also used the hair of the famous Buddha of that time, so that they thought they could keep the temple clean. In the past, the name of this temple was Ganesh, and 5 statues of elephants are located in 5 corners of this temple and are very valuable due to their thousands of years old.
Mahabodhi is another temple that has been built with great care and has been called the most accurate temple in the city. The temple was built between 1210 and 1234 by the order of King Natogmia, who traveled to India and visited the Temple of Gaia. There are cavities in all parts of the temple with statues of Buddha in various positions.
The Shozigun Temple is another temple known for the number of antiques housed there, to the extent known as the Temple of Antiquities. Shozigun was built by the order of Shah Anwarta but was left unfinished until it was finally completed in 1089 by the order of Shah Kian Zita. In this temple, a large number of bones and hair of Buddhas of different eras are kept.
The last word
Most parts of Bagan were badly damaged by the devastating 1975 earthquake, but the interesting thing is that the temples survived the accident and none of them were seriously damaged. Of course, part of the pagoda temple is broken and falls into the river near it. However, after a short time, all the temples and antiquities were built in their original form, but with new materials. Although the quake was severe and even damaged the pagoda temple, the rock above it was not damaged and the secret of its balance remains obscure.