What are the different levels of tourism planning?
At the beginning of the tourism planning process, tourism development goals must be set. Setting goals is fundamental because they express the desired results of tourism development in the country or region. Goals are usually related to different types of socio-economic benefits. In addition, these objectives set out specific considerations that must be taken into account in tourism development.
At the beginning of the tourism planning process, tourism development goals must be set. Setting goals is fundamental because they express the desired results of tourism development in the country or region. Goals are usually related to different types of socio-economic benefits.
In addition, these objectives set out specific considerations that must be taken into account in tourism development, such as minimizing environmental and socio-cultural impacts. Goals should be set in close discussion with the government (or the Procurement Committee) as they are the primary determinants of tourism development plans and policies.
First, the objectives are determined preliminarily and then based on studies, analyses, and a refining plan. Some initial goals may conflict with each other, and not all can be achieved realistically in tourism planning.
For example, one goal may be to maximize the economic benefits of tourism, and another goal may be to minimize the environmental and socio-cultural impacts and preserve sustainable development. It is not possible to develop a plan and policy that achieves both of these goals simultaneously, at least in the long run. Goals in tourism planning must balance economic, environmental, and socio-cultural considerations.
Examine all elements of tourism planning
The review phase of the tourism planning process requires collecting quantitative and qualitative data on all aspects of tourism. These aspects include the implementation of the tourism system and other factors.
Existing or potential characteristics of competing tourism destinations offer similar tourism products and attract very similar tourism markets.
Tourist entry processes in research and study planning of the country or region. These trends include the number and characteristics of tourist arrivals.
Analysis and integration
Quantitative and qualitative analysis and integration of the information obtained from the study must be done carefully in tourism planning. Combining and integrating different parts of the analysis to gain a more comprehensive knowledge of the situation.
Market analysis is obtained from several sources. The study of regional, national and global tourism patterns and market trends is a crucial input. It is also vital to study and evaluate the study area’s tourist attractions, facilities, and services. Tourism development goals must be considered.
Access to the country or region from essential areas of tourist markets, including cost, distance, and convenience of travel, is also an essential factor. However, it can be remedied if access is currently a problem.
The next step in the planning is to carefully prepare the research to provide development guidance to zoom in on. Preparation for the project includes defining the project’s scope, selecting a technical team to conduct the research, appointing a procurement committee, and organizing the research activities.
The scope of authority for planning research must be carefully defined so that this achievement achieves the desired results and data. The scope of authority for national or regional tourism planning indicates the necessary data and activities to develop a development plan and policy.
Special considerations are taken into account in planning. (Such as economic, environmental or social issues and essential organizational elements) should be specified within the scope of authority. Determination of executive techniques is also specified.
The shape of the authority range usually follows the planning process described here but is designed according to the specific characteristics and needs of the planning area.
Develop a policy and plan
This stage in the tourism planning process requires the formulation of tourism development policy and preparing a material structural plan. The best way to formulate a policy and plan is first to prepare and evaluate alternative development scenarios.
Rarely is there an ideal set of policies and plans, but instead, optimal policies and plans strike a balance between costs and benefits.
Alternative policies and plans are evaluated according to several factors – achieving development goals; optimizing economic benefits, enhancing positive effects, and reducing adverse environmental and socio-cultural effects, on effective competition or other tourist destinations. Based on this evaluation, the final policies and plans are selected and refined.
Policy and tourism planning should be done in close consultation with the Procurement Committee and other stakeholders to ensure that they agree on the most appropriate models for future tourism development.
Implementation and monitoring
The final step in the planning is to determine implementation methods. As noted in the discussion of tourism planning approaches, the implementation must be considered throughout the planning process, especially when formulating policies, plans, and other recommendations.
This is important so that the final design and other recommendations are realistic and workable. During and after implementing the plan, tourism development should be monitored and controlled to ensure that it meets the objectives and achieves the recommended policies.
Monitoring any problems that may arise. Tracks so that treatment can be taken before the problem gets worse.