What are the disadvantages of museums?
What are the disadvantages of museums? In the definition and interpretation of the common people, the museum refers to the places where a collection of valuable works and objects has been collected. These objects and works have something in common in a point or points and are exposed to the view of the visitors.
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Before we get into the disadvantages of museums, let’s give a comprehensive definition of a museum. The International Council of Museums (ICOM), affiliated with the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), defines a museum in paragraphs 3 and 4 of its Statute as a museum is an institution, permanent and without material purpose, to which doors Everyone is open and works in the service of society and its development.
The purpose of museums is to research the relics and evidence left by man and his environment, collect works, preserve and use them spiritually, and establish a connection between the works, especially to display them to study and benefit spiritually. This is indeed the most comprehensive and complete description of the museum.
The word museum’s origins go back to ancient Greece. In Greece, it was the name of the sacred hills in Athens. On which a place of worship was erected for museums (which were the goddess of industry and art). In the early eighteenth century, the word found its meaning as a library or personal study room. In ancient Greece, the name was used as a school or art school.
History of the Museums
Before explaining the disadvantages of museums, we need to get information about their history. Collecting and collecting valuable objects is always in human nature. This interest dates back to the Neolithic period of human beings.
At that time, humans were collecting objects or objects such as oysters, animal bones, scallops, and beautiful stones. The collections collected by humans in different historical periods reflect the prevailing culture and thinking of that period.
The evolution and change of human culture and thinking can be easily distinguished from the collections collected. He also saw and understood the beliefs and mirrors of the people of the time by examining the collections or collections that they have collected or that have remained from that date and period over time.
The civilizations of Mesopotamia and the central plateau of Iran (ancient Iran) are based on their mirrors and beliefs. And the needs of their time, along with their dead, they buried the necessary tools and equipment.
Many modern museums and collections have been created from the collection of these objects. The study of these objects is itself a pictorial historical past. At the same time in the same ancient civilizations, temples were beautiful museums of valuable objects and supplies.
Over time, at the end of the third century BC, the museum took on a different form and today. The first museum was established by Ptolemy in Alexandria. The evolutionary process of the museum building and museums continued until the Middle Ages.
In the early Middle Ages, the educational and cultural role of museums diminished due to the rule of the church and the inquisition that took place. After this period of recession and with the beginning of the Renaissance and the flourishing of science, museums continued to grow.
During this period, museums took on an educational and research role and expanded. The importance of the museum increased during the Renaissance.
The first large and famous museum to be established after this period was in 1683 in Oxford, England, under the name of Ashmole. This was the first national museum to be formed based on the existence of a private collection.
Then in 1750, a collection of royal objects was displayed to the public in Paris and the Luxembourg Palace. After the French Revolution, which was itself a turning point in science and technology, the Louvre Museum was established in France.
In the same years, both in England and in France, some capitalists and landlords exposed their buildings and equipment to the public on certain days of the week or month.
Types of museums
Depending on the subject and purpose of each museum, it is divided into different types. Each museum displays specific works and ideas. Some museums cover others.
A variety of museums can be fine arts, applied arts, handicrafts, archeology, anthropology, ethnography, cultural history, military history, science, technology, maps, children, natural history, numismatics, botany, and natural sciences, Called wildlife, stamp science.
Historic palaces and buildings are also divided into museums. Some small collections cover larger collections and form large museums. There is another type of museum called a private museum. These museums belong to individuals.
Among the many museums in the world that have been built with different purposes and titles, the most famous and famous museums in the world are the Armitage Museum in St. Petersburg, the British Museum in London, and the Louvre Museum in France.
Halls and entrances of museums, The lobby, and the primary part of the museum, and Showcase in museums are different parts of museums.
And what are the disadvantages of the museum?
Museums have different disadvantages. Although museums have many benefits and are a bridge between the present and the future, they also have disadvantages. Although museums can show the lives of past generations and remind us of different periods, museums are not always open. The most important disadvantage of museums is that each museum is made available to the public by the set hours to be visited.
One of the disadvantages of museums is that although there is a high level of security in museums, we have seen thefts from museums many times. Even the largest and most famous museums are not safe from thieves.
One of the disadvantages of museums is that museums, although they represent the culture, art, and history of different nations, are sometimes not to everyone’s taste.
One of the disadvantages of museums is that museums are generally overcrowded. This crowd can be a stimulus for criminal groups to harm innocent people. Therefore, this factor can cause fewer people to visit accident-prone countries and their museums.
One of the disadvantages of museums is that unfortunately, even though objects are carefully cared for in museums, sometimes a mistake can cause the destruction and damage of a precious object.