What are the most famous historical places in India
What are the most famous historical places in India? India is more than 50,000 years old and has been ruled by different kings and governments in different eras. Each dynasty has left its unique architectural style, and today I can see the glorious heritage of the past. Join us in this article to introduce 10 of the best and most famous historical monuments of India.
India is a vibrant land of contradictions, a country of 72 nations, and the best example of a combination of tradition and modernity. India is A country with a very long history – full of historical monuments and fascinating ancient monuments, which attracts many tourists every year. In the following, we will introduce 10 of the best places of interest in India.
The Taj Mahal is one of the most famous historical places in India. In India, 200 km from New Delhi, is one of the Seven Wonders of the World called the Taj Mahal. This beautiful building is a magnificent tomb that has gained worldwide fame due to its unique appearance features.
The Taj Mahal is actually a place in honor of the Lady, which was built by the order of his wife Shah Jahan (the fifth emperor of India). It should be noted that Shah Jahan was a Mongol. Taj Mahal is a combination of Iranian, Indian, and Islamic architecture that took 12 years to build (1632 AD to 1643 AD), but it took another 10 years to complete other parts of the complex such as the garden and surrounding buildings.
The cost of building this amazing complex was estimated at around 32 million Indian rupees. In total, about 20,000 Iranian, Indian, Central Asian, and Anatolian architects have worked on the construction of the Taj Mahal, under the supervision of Ahmad Lahori and Hamid Lahori.
The Mysore Palace is one of the most famous historical places in India. There is a palace in the Indian city of Mysore that is not less than the Taj Mahal in terms of architecture and beauty. In fact, Mysore Palace is the most visited historical monument in India after the Taj Mahal, and domestic and foreign tourists travel to Mysore, India to see this beautiful palace. This magnificent palace with its stunning beauty was the residence of the royal family and was considered the seat of the kingdom of Missouri.
This palace, also known as Amba Palace, was the residence of the king and his family and is still their official residence. The current Mysore Palace was built in 1912 for the 24th King of the Wodeyar Dynasty and is one of the most beautiful and largest palaces in India.
The Harmandir Sahib is one of the most famous historical places in India. The Golden Temple of Amritsar, also known as Harmandir Sahib and the court of Sahib, is the main shrine of the Sikhs and is located in the city of Amritsar in the Indian state of Punjab. The Sahib’s court is a place of pilgrimage among the Sikhs around the world and is very sacred to the Sikhs because the eternal place of the Sikh guru is inside this temple. It also holds the book of Guru Grant Sahib, which is the Sikh Bible and the eleventh Guru.
The Brihadeeswarar Temple is one of the most famous historical places in India. The Brihadeeswarar Temple, which was completed in 2010, is one of India’s largest and most prestigious assets. The temple, also known as Periya Kovil, is located in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu, and was built by King Rajaraja Chola I in the 11th century. This temple is dedicated to God Shiva and is an example of Tamil architecture during the reign of Chaula. The tower of this temple is 66 meters high and its main entrance is 30 meters. The large statue of Nandi located at the entrance of this temple is 5 meters long and 4 meters high.
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The Baha’i Temple is one of the most famous historical places in India. The Lotus Temple, also known as the Baha’i Temple, is located in New Delhi and covers an area of 10.5 hectares. This lotus-shaped temple was built in 1986 from white marble. The lotus shape was chosen because of its importance to the followers of Hinduism, Brahmins, Buddhism, and Islam. There are 9 ponds and gardens around this temple, each of which belongs to one of the entrances of the temple. All these entrances lead to the central hall, which has a ceiling height of 40 meters and a capacity of 2,500 people.
The Hawa Mahal is one of the most famous historical places in India. The Hawa Mahal is the palace of the winds. This large building, which is one of the famous symbols of India, is made of fine pink sand. If you go to see this building, expect to see many small windows.
Hawa Mahal has 953 windows designed to protect the privacy of the king and his family. But the main purpose of building this building with this number of windows was to acquaint the women of the harem and the royal family with the daily life of the people on the street so that they could see out of the small windows of the palace without disturbing anyone.
The building dates back to 1799 when a master named Lal Chand began to lay the groundwork and a man named Maharaja Savai Sin built it in the style of Hindu and Krishna architecture on five floors.
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus
The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is one of the most famous historical places in India. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, formerly known as Victoria Terminal, is a railway terminal in the Mumbai metropolis.
The terminal was built by the British government during the British Empire on the Indian subcontinent. With Victorian architecture, the train station has withstood such horrific attacks for more than a century. In 2004, the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
The Victoria Memorial is one of the most famous historical places in India. In January 1901, after the death of Queen Victoria, the Viceroy of India proposed the construction of a monument to her, and five years later, construction began in 1906, and was completed in 1921 and opened to the public.
However, before the construction was completed, the capital of India had changed from Calcutta to New Delhi, so the building, which was also an important monument, was built in a provincial city instead of in the capital.
The building has 25 galleries featuring special works of art and paintings from the time of Queen Victoria. The large yoke built around the building is run by 21 gardeners, including a bronze statue. It is also located in Queen Victoria.
The Qutub Minar is one of the most famous historical places in India. The Qutub Minar is part of the Qutub complex in New Delhi and is 73 meters high, with a spiral staircase with 379 steps. This building, which is one of the famous landscapes of the city, dates back to 1192.
This structure is mentioned as one of the first and most impressive examples of Hindu-Islamic architecture. The minaret is divided into five floors, on each floor, a porch forms a belt around the building.
Also on each floor, you can see inscriptions with the theme of Quranic verses, the names of Qutbuddin Aibak, Muhammad bin Sam and other kings and rulers. The Minaret Pole is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Sanchi Stupa is one of the most famous historical places in India. Sanchi is a small village in the Raisen region of Madhya Pradesh, India, located 46 km northeast of Bhopal. (Great Stupa at Sanchi). The stupa is a dome-shaped building of special importance to Buddhist pilgrims.
It is one of the oldest stone buildings in India, founded in the third century BC by the order of Emperor Ashoka the Great. It is actually a simple brick dome that was thought to be a Buddha monument.