What are the most visited world heritage sites?
What are the most visited world heritage sites? There are many ancient sites and monuments around the world that can give you a lot of information about different types of human races. Some of these places have the most visitors than other ancient places. In this article, we will introduce these places.
What are the most visited world heritage sites? Follow us with another article from itnery. Team itnery is a global tourism complex that can serve tourists around the world. For more information, you can visit ITNERY
Machu Picchu, Peru
Machu Picchu is one of the most visited world heritage sites. The historic city of Machu Picchu, meaning the Old Peak, is the most famous symbol of the empire and a pure architectural masterpiece, and a unique symbol of Inca civilization.
It is located at the foot of a mountain at the top of the Urubambas Valley, 70 km north of Cusco in Peru.
Machu Picchu was built around 1450 AD and was abandoned by the Spanish hundreds of years ago during the Inca conquest. Over the centuries, the forests around this complex have grown and covered it, and for this reason, it has been hidden from view and only a few people knew about its existence.
Angkor Wat, Cambodia
Angkor Wat is a temple and thousands of mysteries, a temple that has a special place among the largest religious sites in the world and one of the most visited world heritage sites. Angkor Wat has an interesting history in Cambodia, and today, its appearance has attracted a lot of attention.
This ancient temple is located inside the city of Angkor. Angkor Wat is a temple with thousands of mysteries and wonders, the name of a collection of temples built in the early twelfth century between 1112 and 1150 for King Survivorman II in Angkor, Cambodia to be his government temple and capital.
Petra is a complete city, all carved in the mountains and on red or pink boulders, and one of the most visited world heritage sites. The word Petra in Greek means rock, and because this ancient city is completely carved out of rock, it is called Petra.
The ancient name of this city was Sala, meaning rock, the Romans translated its name into their own language. Petra is a historic city in the Kingdom of Jordan, the capital of the ancient Nabataean kingdom. This ancient city is located 262 km south of the Jordanian capital Amman and west of the main road between the city and the port of Aqaba.
Petra was the capital of a powerful government that boldly did not allow the invaders to cross that deep rocky valley and especially resisted the power of the ancient Roman Empire.
From the 4th to the 2nd century BC, Petra was the capital of the Nabataean kingdom for 200 years. During this period, Petra has reached the peak of its prosperity and civilization.
Roman Forum / Colosseum, Italy
Undoubtedly, the Colosseum in Rome, which dates back to the first century AD, is an architectural landmark in the history of the Roman Empire in Italy. With a capacity of 45,000 seats, the Colosseum is the largest amphitheater in the ancient world.
The Colosseum, not so long ago, hosted gladiatorial contests, wildlife battles, and the execution of early Christians. In 1990, this magnificent building was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List along with the historic center of Rome, the outlying areas of the Vatican in Italy, and the Church of St.
Paul the Basilica outside the walls, and in 2007 it was included in the New Seven Wonders of the World. The Colosseum Amphitheater dates back to the Vespasian Empire, built during the reign of Titus in 80 AD and finally completed by his brother Domitian.
Chichen Itza, Mexico
One of the most amazing artifacts is the ancient Chechen Itza complex, located in the country, which was selected in 2007 as one of the Seven Wonders of the New World and one of the most visited world heritage sites.
Chichen Itza is located on the Yucatan Peninsula and is one of the most famous ancient monuments of the Mayan civilization. The word Chichen Itza means “by the mouth of the Itza well”, which “Itza” itself probably means magic or sorcery in the Mayan language.
Many archaeologists believe that Chechen Itza was the capital of one of the Mayan kings about a thousand years ago. Human sacrifice was common in this temple, and the remains of sacrificial humans were also found in the temple.
Great Pyramid of Giza, Egypt
In the past, the Great Pyramid of Giza was one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Ancient Memphis remains include the Pyramids of Giza, Saqqara (ancient burial site in ancient Egypt), Dahshūr Royal Cemetery, and Abū Ruwaysh in 1979. Attached to the UNESCO World Heritage List.
The naming of these pyramids is based on the name of the king who built them. The names of these pyramids are Khufu, Khafre, and Menkaure.
The northernmost and oldest pyramid of this complex was built for Khufu or Cheops, the second king of the fourth dynasty of Egypt. This pyramid is the largest in this complex, the length of each face in the center is about 230 meters and its height reaches 147 meters.
Elmina Castle, Ghana
The two castles, Cape Coast and Elmina, which were considered the most terrifying places for African slaves between the 15th and 17th centuries, were added to the new tourist attractions of Ghana as part of a project called “Black Tourism”. Cape Coast Castle, built-in 1653 by Swedish merchants with wood, and Elmina Castle which is one of the most visited world heritage sites built by the Portuguese in 1482 is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Parthenon, Athenian Acropolis, Greece
The Parthenon, the Temple of Athena, although converted into a church and then a mosque during its long history and suffered extensive damage, still reflects the glory of Greece’s golden age.
The Athenians had begun construction on the site of the Parthenon, which was burned by the Persians in 480 BC when it was still half-finished.
It was probably also a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena, and after its destruction, most of its materials were used to build fortifications at the northern end of the Acropolis.
Exact information about this temple is not available and there are discussions about whether it is half-finished or not at the time of the fire. The huge foundation of this building was made of limestone and its columns were made of high-quality marble.
The Classic Parthenon was built between 447 and 432 BC as the focal point of the Acropolis. The temple was designed by architects Ictinus and Calicrates and dedicated to the goddess Athena.
The main function of the Parthenon was to preserve the precious statue of Athena, created from ivory and gold by the eminent sculptor Phidias.