What can we learn from museums?
What can we learn from museums? Museums are places that display important works to the public in various fields such as history, culture, nature, and so on. These places are responsible for the complete preservation of these works so that these important collections remain for future generations. A museum or museum is a special place where a collection of antiquities and industrial objects and valuable objects are exhibited.
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We can learn from museums that the “museum” is considered as a place where a large collection of antiquities and valuable objects are kept and placed in front of everyone.
The word is derived from the French word “Musee”. Museums have a great influence on the interpretation, interpretation, and enlightenment of the lives of their ancestors. According to museum experts, each of the works in these places is a reflection of the natural environment of humans and their cultural heritage.
Museums were first personal collections that were collected for personal interest and were not visited by the public like today’s museums, until with the spread of museum culture, large collections called museums were gradually created and everyone was able to visit them.
We have said about what we can learn from museums in expressing the importance and purpose of the museum and museum management, it is necessary to remember that the heritages in this cultural institution each express the culture, art, customs, beliefs, and convictions of different nations in the past, which can be observed and interpreted.
He learned from the experiences of his predecessors. The importance of museums in the fields of science, research, and culture prompted the General Assembly of the International Committee of Museums (ICOM) to issue a resolution on May 28, 1977, designating May 18 as World Museum and Heritage Day.
What are the uses of museums?
We can learn from museums that in addition to being recognized as the most important institutions with educational-cultural functions, museums also have political, social, and cultural advantages and contribute to the dynamism and power of cities. Museums are one of the most important criteria that determine urban development and create the necessary capacity for cultural elections.
What is the role of museums in preserving cultural heritage?
We can learn from museums that it is interesting for man to respond to his curiosity about how the past lives. There were questions in the minds of human beings that human beings have always sought to answer.
Humans sometimes answered some questions by studying religious or non-religious mythology, but these answers were never proven. So, the best source of curiosity was to study the remnants of the past. On the other hand, from the beginning of existence until now, human beings have been interested in the objects that are remembered for them and bring to life memory in them.
What role do works in museums play in human life?
We can learn from museums that antiquities enable nations to find and strengthen their identity. By using these cultural relics and relying on originality, countries can withstand the cultural onslaught and not suffer from self-destruction, because if this identity does not exist in society, people will suffer from anonymity, inevitably from other countries.
Accept the pattern. Modeling the culture of foreigners causes anomalies because of the cultural differences that the host country has with them. Every culture is growing, developing, and changing, but this change takes place in a certain chart of the same country.
Hence, if change and transformation go beyond the framework, it provides the ground for the turmoil of the human imagination.
Of course, following the example of countries in the world is not a good thing, because these countries as tourism centers, if they have similar cultures with each other, are not considered attractive areas for tourism. In other words, differences make them attractive.
Museums, as cultural institutions today, compete with each other to increase tourist attractions. There are some attractions called material attractions that are not desirable. For example, people buy valuables to sell them in a convenient position at a higher price.
What is the reason for the formation of museums in their present form?
We can learn from museums that the issue of museums and museum management in its current form includes other reasons. In Europe, churches and monasteries routinely collected artifacts from the history of Christianity.
For example, vessels with which an important figure was baptized or vessels that belonged to famous people in the history of that country were of special importance, so they were protected and sometimes displayed in special ceremonies for everyone.
We have said about what we can learn from museums this style continued from the preservation of objects until the Great French Cultural Revolution (1799-1789). During this time, the way of looking at museums and museum management changed and people paid more attention to the past and civilizations.
Sciences such as archeology, anthropology, and calligraphy also emerged after this revolution. After the French Revolution, the French emperor “Napoleon Bonaparte” found inscriptions in the field of civilizations such as Egypt, and also by exploring some European cities and discovering valuable objects hidden under the volcanic ash, which created the curiosity and interest of people to know the past.
Following these trends, scientific travels and archaeological excavations began in Mesopotamia, Africa, Latin America, Egypt and Iran, and many other parts of the world. With the collection of valuables, archaeologists gradually came up with the idea of establishing a place to care for and preserve artifacts based on expert studies.
When were the first museums formed and in what countries and regions?
We can learn from museums that more than 300 years have passed since the first building called the museum was built. Some experts believe that the Ashmolean Museum in Oxford, England, founded in 1679, is the oldest.
Despite the differences of opinion about the creation of the first museum, it can be said that approximately three centuries have passed since the establishment of the first museum. After the establishment of the museum, many changes gradually took place. Thematic diversity and content changes are among these transformations, with more than 80,000 museums in the world today.
Some of these museums are so large that they house more than a million valuable objects. The variety of subjects in the museum is also very high. For example, the Potato Museum, Chocolate, Civilizations, Characters, Clothes are several museums in the world.