What is the number 1 museum in the world?
What is the number 1 museum in the world? The Louvre Museum is the largest art museum on the planet, where many works of art and history are kept and exposed to the public. There are about 38,000 works of art in this collection, each of which is a precious treasure.
The Louvre Museum in Paris, one of the most famous landmarks of Paris and the largest collection of works of art and history in the world, attracts millions of people from all over the world every year.
The Louvre Museum has eight different sections and the number of works in it reaches more than 38,000 works. It is interesting to know that the word Louvre in France means the light of the sky.
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History of the number 1 museum in the world
The reason for naming the number 1 museum in the world is that the French authorities have built a museum of slave letters in the Louvre. Construction of the castle began in the late 12th century and into the early 13th century by the order of Philip II.
Over the days and years, various changes took place in the structure of this castle until today, we see that one of the most visited and historical museums in the world has been erected in this magnificent palace.
The Louvre Museum in Paris was officially opened on August 10, 1793, and began with 537 paintings. Most of the museum paintings at this time were from royal relics collected from churches. After its opening, the Louvre Museum was open for a while until it closed in 1796.
The main reason for this was the inadequacy of the palace to display the works. The Louvre Museum reopened in 1801, and the number of objects in it gradually increased.
It is not bad to know that this museum was once renamed in honor of Napoleon and was known as Napoleon Museum, but after Napoleon’s death, his subordinates took back many of the objects donated to the museum by Napoleon.
It goes without saying that the third government of the French Republic also played a key role in the expansion of the Louvre. Officials in the republic, with their financial aid, expanded the Louvre.
The architecture of the number 1 museum in the world in Paris
The number 1 museum in the world was originally a castle built in the late 12th century by the order of Philip II. Later in the 16th century, due to the size of the city and the importance of defense, it became a place for French kings to live.
In the 17th and 18th centuries, when the aristocracy and the wealthy, albeit superficially, sought to find a special place among intellectuals and artists, Louis XIV and Louis XV made the Palace of Versailles a place to display a collection of Greek and Roman antiquities and works of art.
And turned into a gathering of artists and intellectuals. Of course, at first, only kings and their families and some artists and writers were allowed inside the palace, and even until 1973, there was no news of its opening to the public.
But after the French Revolution, the parliament decided to dedicate the Louvre building in Paris to a permanent display of world-famous works of art for all people. The Louvre Museum in Paris covers an area of more than 6 hectares and has various galleries and departments such as ancient Egypt, Greece, Etruscan and ancient Rome, and Islamic art.
In the design of the Louvre Museum in Paris, 3 wings and 5 floors are considered for the building, each of which has its own name. The north wing is named Denon, the south wing Dully, and the east wing Richelieu.
The most famous works of the Louvre Museum in Paris
Among the thousands of works housed in the number 1 museum in the world in Paris, 10 specimens are world-renowned and you have probably heard of them. These treasures are:
- Mona Lisa painting
- The statue of Nike Samurais or the winged triumph of Samurai
- Captive statue of the dying
- Statue of Venus Milo
- A painting of a winged cow or
- Painting the guiding freedom of the people
- The Great Sphinx
- Painting of Venus and three beautiful women
- The Law of Hammurabi
- Paintings of Gabriel and the Sisters
The Louvre’s glass pyramid
Launched in 1989, the number 1 museum in the world’s glass pyramid has attracted many tourists over the years. But the construction of a modern pyramid right in the heart of a historic palace was not welcomed. Some saw this glass triangle as an insult and disrespect to the culture and architecture of past centuries, while others saw it as a beautiful blend of modern and ancient art.
The glass pyramid, the work of art and design by a Chinese-American architect, is now nearly a century old. The building is made of 105 tons of aluminum frames and 673 pieces of glass diamonds. But the construction of this modern pyramid and the resistance and opposition of many lovers of ancient art also led to legends.
One of the most famous of these legends is that the construction of this pyramid is the trick of the devils. The origin of such myths is Dan Brown’s book The Secret of Da Vinci, which gave rise to the illusion that the number of glasses used in the pyramid was 666, which is an evil symbol, while the actual number of glasses in the pyramid was 673.
This large pyramid, one of the most visited places in France, is surrounded by four smaller pyramids.
Paintings of the Louvre Museum in Paris
There are 314 paintings in the number 1 museum in the world in Paris, each of which is in turn a masterpiece of art.
The most important paintings kept in the Louvre are the Mona Lisa, the Liberation of the People, the Trick of Medusa, the Sewer, the Virgin, and the Holy Child, the Coronation of Napoleon, the Marriage Ceremony, the Beautiful Harem, the Death of a Virgin, the Intervention of the Women of Sabine Sarsaparillas, the portrait of Louis XIV, the portrait of Madame Recamier, the boat Dante, the Algerian women, the ship sitting on the destination of Kathira, etc., are some of the most famous paintings in the Louvre Museum.