Which country has the best art collection?
Which country has the best art collection? France is one of the most civilized countries with a diverse lifestyle and culture whose universities are world-famous and these factors have attracted international students. France is known in the world for its art museums as well as the Louvre Museum, the cradle of culture and art.
Is the Musée National d’Art Moderne. This beautiful museum is located in Paris. This museum is one of the most visited art museums in the world and one of the largest museums of modern and contemporary art.
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In answer to the question which country has the best art collection we must say France. In 1937, the National Museum of Modern Art replaced the Luxembourg Museum, which was founded in 1818 by King Louis XV as the first museum of contemporary art in Europe.
This beautiful museum initially housed only the works of contemporary artists (alive). The museum was originally designed in early 1929 by August Perth to replace the old Trocadero Palace. Construction of the Museum of Modern Art formally began in 1934 on the west wing of Tokyo Palace and was completed in 1937 for the International Exhibition of Art and Technology.
But it was temporarily used for national and foreign independent art exhibitions. In the early years of 1939, it was interrupted by the outbreak of World War II until 1942, when it reopened with only a third of the existing works. But the actual inauguration took place in 1947. In other words, it took 13 years to build and open this museum.
France has a national museum of modern art and the country has the best art collection. With more than 100,000 works of art from 6,400 artists from 90 countries, it has the second-largest collection of modern and contemporary art in the world, after the Museum of Modern Art in New York.
These works include painting, sculpture, design, printing, photography, cinema, new media, architecture, and design.
Due to the nature of the museum, which is related to modern art, every two years its works are divided into two parts, one for modern art, the other for contemporary art.
Since 2010, the French Museum of Modern Art has hosted temporary and unique exhibitions at the Pompidou-Metz Center in an area of 10,000 square meters.
Introducing some famous works of the National Museum of Modern Art of France
La Ville de Paris by Robert Delaunay
Robert Delaunay, who is from France, the country has the best art collection, is known for introducing the Orphism movement in the art world. Delaunay co-founded the term Orphism with his artist wife Sonia, French poet Guillaume Apollinaire and Frantisek Kupka. Orphism is an art that evolved from Cubism and Fauvism.
Orphism focuses on bright colors. La Ville de Paris is housed in the French National Museum of Art as one of the finest examples of Orphism.
La Fée Electricité by Raoul Dufy
La Fée Electricité, translated into English as “The Electricity Fairy”, is a huge mural depicting the history of electricity in a 60-meter wall. Duffy was commissioned to create the mural at the 1937 World’s Fair. This piece is based on the poem, De Rerum Natura (Nature of Objects) by Lucretius.
In addition, the mural depicts portraits of more than 100 inventors and scientists who have made significant contributions to the study and use of electricity.
La Danse by Matisse
Henry Matisse was one of the main actors in the Paris art scene in the early twentieth century and he is from France. That country has the best art collection, as he was a friend of Picasso and a favorite of the famous contemporary writer Gertrude Stein.
Along with Picasso, Matisse is recognized as a prominent figure in modern art in a revolution in the world of plastic arts. Not surprisingly, some of his work is kept in a room reserved for this artist.
The Louvre’s place in French art
The Louvre has an important place in French art, and France is country has the best art collection. The Louvre Museum opened to the public in 1793 with a collection of 537 paintings and 184 other works of art.
Since then, the Louvre has added to its collection of works day by day and has become known as the most visited museum in the world with about 10 million annual visits. Currently, the Louvre Museum covers an area of 73,000 square meters and houses more than 35,000 paintings, sculptures, statues, and works of art.
Different sections of the Louvre Museum
The Louvre Museum is very large and we recommend that you prepare a museum guide before arrival and visit different parts of the museum according to your interests. One of the best sources for information about different parts of the museum is the official website of the Louvre.
Of course, in this article, we try to talk to you as much as possible about the different sections of the museum to give you a better view of this museum.
In general, the Louvre Museum consists of 8 main departments:
Ancient Egypt Egyptian Antiquities
Greece, Etruscan Civilization, Ancient Rome | Greek, Etruscan, and Roman Antiquities
Near East Antiquities Near Eastern Antiquities
Islamic Art Islamic Art
Sculptures and statues Sculptures
Decorative Arts | Decorative Arts
Designs and prints Prints and Drawings
Famous works of the Louvre
As we said, more than 35,000 works of art are kept in this museum, each of which is valuable and important in its place. However, some of the Louvre’s works of art have become more popular, and many tourists visit the Louvre to see them. Among the famous works of the Louvre Museum are the following:
Mona Lisa by Leonardo da Vinci
Painting Lady of the Rocks by Leonardo da Vinci
The famous tablet of Hammurabi
Statue of Venus Milo
Assyrian winged cow
Darius inscription in the Apadana palace of Susa
Many and healthy parts of Persepolis
Golden-winged goat (Achaemenid period)
Days and working hours of the Louvre
Many people who travel to Paris do not pay attention to the museum’s working hours at all and decide to visit the Louvre Museum without planning. These people often stay behind closed doors or do not have enough time to visit the Louvre Museum due to the close of the holiday season. The Louvre is closed on Tuesdays.
The museum is also closed on January 1, May 1, and December 25. On other days, the Louvre Museum is open to the public from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. In busy seasons such as summer and on Wednesdays and Fridays, visiting hours may be extended to 9:45 pm to give people more opportunities to visit the Louvre.