Which museum has the most famous paintings?
Which museum has the most famous paintings? The Louvre is located in the center of Paris, in the 1st arrondissement. The Louvre has three entrances: the main entrance to the pyramid itself, the entrance to the Carrousel du Louvre underground shopping center, and the entrance to the Porte des Lions.
Follow us with another article from ITNERY. Team ITNERY is a global tourism complex that can serve tourists around the world. For more information, you can visit ITNERY
Everything about the Louvre, The museum has the most famous paintings
You may be one of those people who is not interested in spending time in museums, but in the case of the museum that has the most famous paintings, the world’s largest art museum called the French (Musée du Louvre), this is impossible.
This museum is one of the main tourist attractions in the bride of European cities, the city of Paris. The Louvre, the National Museum and Art Gallery of France, is located in a part of the Grand Palace of Paris, on the right bank of the Seine, France’s wettest river.
In this museum, more than 38,000 works of art related to prehistory up to the 21st century have been collected and exhibited in an area of 72735 square meters.
Not surprisingly, the museum has the most famous paintings and still retains the title of the most visited museum in the world, as it is home to the world’s most beloved lady, the Mona Lisa. The Louvre Museum had 8.8 million visitors in 2011 and in 2018, the Louvre became the most visited art museum in the world with 10.2 million visitors.
History of the Louvre
The Louvre, which houses the museum, was originally a castle built by Philip II in the 12th century to protect the city from British troops in Normandy. The remains of this castle can still be seen in the basement of the palace. The museum has the most famous paintings Museum opened on August 10, 1793, the first anniversary of the death of the monarchy.
Free access to the public three days a week was considered a great achievement and was appreciated. Three-quarters of them came from royal estates, and the rest were confiscated from immigrants and church property. In 1794, the French revolutionary armies began to bring parts from northern Europe.
The first days were very confusing, with distinguished artists hanging their unlicensed paintings from frame to ceiling. The structure was closed in May 1796 due to structural defects and reopened on July 14, 1801, neatly and regularly with new lighting systems and columns.
Louvre Pyramid Architecture
The museum has the most famous paintings is a large pyramid of glass and metal designed in 1984 by French-American architect François Mitterrand by Chinese-American architect I.M.Pei.
The structure itself is surrounded by three smaller pyramids in the main courtyard of the Louvre. The main pyramid is the entrance to the museum and was completed in 1989.
Its height reaches 21.6 meters. Its square base is 34 meters on each side and the area of the base surface is 1000 square meters. This set consists of 603 rhombus pieces and 70 triangular glass sections.
The pyramid structure was engineered by Nichols Chartand Connolly of Montreal (Pyramid Structure / Design Consultant) and Rice Francis Ritchie of Paris (Pyramid Structure / Construction Stage).
Collection of works of the Louvre Museum
- Egyptian Antiquities: This section, with more than 50,000 pieces, includes antiquities from the Nile civilization, dating from 4000 BC to the 4th century AD. This collection provides an overview of Egyptian life in ancient Egypt, the medieval kingdom, the new kingdom, Coptic art, and the Roman, Ptolemy, and Byzantine periods.
- Near Eastern Antiquities: This section dates back to 1881 and reviews the early Eastern civilization and the first settlements before the advent of Islam. This section is divided into three geographical areas: the Levant, Mesopotamia (Iraq), and Persia (Iran).
- Greek, Etruscan and Roman: This section shows parts of the Mediterranean basin dating from the Neolithic to the sixth century. It covers the period from the Cycladic period to the collapse of the Roman Empire and is one of the oldest parts of the museum.
Initially, the collection focused on marble sculptures such as Venus Milo. Works such as Apollo Boulder arrived during the Napoleonic Wars but were returned after the fall of Napoleon I in 1815.
- Sculpture: The sculpture section includes works created before 1850 and does not belong to the Etruscan, Greek, and Roman sections. When the museum had the most famous paintings was a palace, it was also used as a storehouse for sculptural materials.
Initially, the collection consisted of only 100 pieces, and the rest of the royal sculpture collection was located in Versailles. The complex remained small until Leon Labor took over in 1847.
Labor expanded the medieval section and began buying such sculptures.
- Decorative Arts: A collection of medieval art objects dating back to the mid-nineteenth century. This section began as a subset of the sculpture section, based on royal estates and the transfer of work from the Basilica of Saint-Denis, the burial place of the French kings who held the sword of the coronation of the French kings.
- Paintings: The collection of paintings with more than 7,500 works dates from the thirteenth century to 1848 and was managed by 12 curators who supervised the exhibition.
About two-thirds of the works are by French artists and more than 1,200 are from Northern Europe.
Italian paintings consist mostly of remnants of the collections of Francis I and Louis XIV, others are unusable works of art from the Napoleonic period, and some have been purchased.
The collection began with Francis, who acquired works by Italian masters such as Raphael and Michelangelo and introduced Leonardo da Vinci to his court.
Among the most prominent works in this collection are Mona Lisa and the Lady of the Rocks by Leonardo da Vinci.
- Printing and engraving: This section contains works on paper. The collection originally contained 8,600 works in the Royal Collection, which was increased through state ownership. The collection opened on August 5, 1797, with 415 works at the Di Apollo Gallery.
Other prestigious works of the museum has the most famous paintings include the Hammurabi Tablet, the Assyrian Winged Cow, Parts of Persepolis, the Golden-Winged Goat, the seated scribe, the Assyrian relief, the Naram Sin Victory Tablet, and Assyrian earthenware. They have chosen France, it is not without grace.