Who is the first tourist in tourism industry?
In the 15th century, Cyriacus of Ancona, the first tourist in the tourism industry, went in search of the classical history of the Mediterranean. In doing so, he laid the understructure for the Grand Tour of the 18th century and today’s cultural holidays.
Today we take for granted that we travel the world to admire the monuments of the past. We prepare for such a journey by reading what we will see; when we start the journey, we will have a good understanding of how we will get there and where we will stay, and we will understand what we will find on the site.
Ciriaco of Ancona (13911452) was the first cultural tourist since ancient times. Still, in the first half of the 15th century, he sailed the Mediterranean to find the remains of the Greek and Roman civilizations, but he lacked these advantages.
Who started traveling?
Tourism is often regarded as a global phenomenon, and its infrastructure is almost incomprehensible. This is the fastest-growing branch of the world economy: the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) estimates that in 2007 it covered 904 million tourists and spent US$855 billion.
In doing so, they supported a global system with approximately 100 million employees in the modern entertainment and experience industry. There is a complex and intertwined global structure dedicated to meeting the specific travel needs of individuals, groups, and migrants.
Since its inception, the tourism industry has been polarized: it reveals many points of view, from full recognition of its rich self-actualization potential in combination with entertainment to critical rejection because it believes that it will be simplified, entertained, and avoidable through systemic simplification—damage caused by environmental damage.
Thomas Cook (1808-1892) was an outstanding British businessman, regarded as its inventor, and therefore a pioneer in the commercialization of mass tourism. They brought 571 people from Leicester to Loughborough on their first all-inclusive holiday in 1841 and provided them with food and metal music. Beginning in 1855, Cook offered guided holidays abroad, such as to Switzerland in 1863.
These services cater to various customers, from heads of state and princes to ordinary representatives of the middle class, lower-middle-class, and working class. Inspired by obvious socio-political reasons, Cook hopes to use the Sunday hike to attract workers to get rid of the pain and alcoholism of the city and enter the green countryside.
His most successful is to provide cheap all-inclusive vacations for the middle class, usually to foreign destinations. Their hotel coupons and travel brochures are very creative.
Cook’s short biography
Thomas Cook (born November 22, 1808, in Melbourne, Derbyshire, England, and died in Leicester, Leicestershire on July 18, 1892), British travel innovator, travel agency Thomas Cook, The founder of and Son. It can be said that Cook invented modern tourism.
Cook dropped out of school at the age of 10 and took various jobs until he became a Baptist missionary in 1828. In 1841, he persuaded the Midland County Railway Company to open a special train between Leicester and Loughborough on July 5 to hold a temperance meeting.
This is believed to be the first hiking train to be publicly advertised in England. Three years later, if Cook provides passengers for the hiking train, the railroad agrees to make the arrangement permanent. During the Paris Exposition of 1855, Cook made a short trip from Leicester to Calais, France. The following year, he led his first European Tour.
In the early 1860s, he stopped personal travel and became a sales agent for domestic and foreign travel tickets. His company took over military transportation and postal services in Britain and Egypt in the 1880s.
After he passed away, the business passed on to his only son, John Mason Cook (1834-1899), who had been his father’s partner since 1865. The company passed on to Cook’s grandchildren in 1899 and stayed there until 1929.
In 1973, the company was renamed Thomas Cook, and in 2002 it was entirely owned by Thomas Cook AG, one of the most prominent travel groups in the world.
Tourism in the 20th century
Since then, things have started to develop rapidly. With the development of transportation, traveling has become more convenient. Dutch ships take about a year to travel from Amsterdam to Indonesia. Today, we need to be on the plane for less than a day for the same trip.
After World War Second, with the rise of air travel, people began to travel more and more. With the help of the internet and all the cool apps on our smartphones, getting around and navigating new countries/regions is easier than ever. Mass tourism developed in the 1960s.
However, with the arrival of the present decade, we began to face excessive tourism.
We can reach any part of the world in less than two days. While this is a great privilege of our time, it also comes with some responsibilities. However, perhaps the key is to learn from history again and do what the ancient Romans did well. Travel and learn, explore local history and art, and become a true cultural tourist.